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2020年10月全国自考现代语言学试题(选择题)

2021-02-17 16:20:58 来源:自学考试网 点击:18 作者:小呗老师

I.DIRECTIONS:READEACHOFTHEFLLOWINGSTATEMENTSCAREFULLY.DECIDEWHICHONEOFTHE

FOURCHOICESBESTCOMPLETESTHESTATEMENTANDBLACKENTHECORRESPONDINGLETTERA,B,

CORDONTHEANSWERSHEET.(2%X10=20%)

THEFAMOUSQUOTATIONAROSEBYANYOTHERNAMEWOULDSMELLASSWEETWELLILUSTRATES

THE

NATUREOFLANGUAGE.

A.SYSTEMATIC

B.ARBITRARY

C.VOCAL

D.HUMAN-SPECIFIC

2.ACOUSTICPHONETICIANSTRYTODESCRIBETHE

PROPERTIESOFTHESTREAMOFSOUNDS

WHICHASPEAKERISSUES.

A.PHYSICAL

B.PSYCHOLOGICAL

C.BIOLOGICAL

D.PHONOLOGICAL

3.THESMALLESTMEANINGFULUNITOFLANGUAGEISCALLED

A.MORPHEME

B.PHONEME

C.PHONE

D.ALOPHONE

4.WORDSANDPHRASESAREORGANIZEDACCORDINGTOTHE.

CATGORIESTHEYBELONGTO.

A.PHONETIC

B.PHONOLOGICAL

C.SYNTACTIC

D.SEMANTIC

5.OFTHEFOLLOWINGFOURPAIRSOFWORDS,

ARESYNONYMS.

A.FRNITUREANDTABLE

B.SEAANDSEE.

C.MALEANDFEMALE

D.ESCAPEANDFLEE

6.SPEECHACTTHEORYWASORIGINATEDWITHTHEBRITISHPHILOSOPHER

INTHELATE50S

OFTHE20THCENTURY.

A.JOHNAUSTIN

B.JOHNSEARLE

C.JOHNFIRTH

D.PAULGRICE

7.THEWORDSMOGENTEREDTHEENGLISHVIAAWORDFORMATIONRULECALLED___.

A.COMPOUNDING

B.BLENDING

C.DERIVATION

D.COINAGE

8.FROMALINGUISTICPOINTOFVIEW,BLACKENGLISHISNOTA(N)

DIALECTOFAMERICAN

ENGLISH..

A.ETHNIC

B.SOCIAL

C.NONSTANDARD

D.REGIONAL

9.OFTHEFOLLOWINGINFLUENTIALFIGURES,___BELIEVEDTHATLANGUAGEANDTHOUGHTWERE

IDENTICAL.

A.PLATO

B.ARISTOTLE

C.SAPIR

D.WHORF

10.ITWASHYPOTHESIZEDTHATL2ERRORSWEREPREDOMINANTLYTHERESULTOFNEGATIVETRANSFER,OR

MOTHERTONGUEINTERFERENCE.THISHYPOTHESISISBASEDON.

INSLA.

A.CONTRASTIVEANALYSIS

B.ERRORANALYSIS

C.INTERLANGUAGE

D.FSSILIZATION

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