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2018年自考《综合英语(一)》模拟试卷(四)

2020-08-03 18:55:29 来源:自学考试网 点击:16 作者:小呗老师

2018年自考《综合英语(一)》模拟试卷(四)

II. Directions Read each of the following statements carefully and see if it is true of false. Put T if you think it is true of F if you think it is false in the corresponding space on you answer sheet. (15%)

1. ______ William Walworth launched the Peasant Revolt of 1381 in England.

2. ______ In the English Civil War, the Puritans were not the King's opponents.

3. ______ The Chartists could be roughly pided into two groups: the Moral Force Chartists and the Physical Force Chartists.

4. ______ In Britain, changes of Government do not involve changes in departmental staff, who continue to carry out their duties whichever party is in power.

5. ______ The British criminal law presumes the innocence of the accused until he has been proven guilty beyond reasonable doubt.

6. ______ As committed to the goal of a united Ireland, Dublin refuses to negotiate a settlement of the problem of Northern Ireland with London.

7. ______ After the abolition of slavery, organized or inpidual discrimination was never practiced against black Americans.

8. ______ When the Korean War broke out in June, 1950, Truman sent the 7th Fleet to the Taiwan Straits to prevent the PLA from liberating Taiwan.

9. ______ Canada possesses rich and vast natural resources which are significant in the Canadian economy.

10. ______ The rich green mountains and valleys make New Brunswick Nova Scotia, Prince Edward island, and Newfoundland the most beautiful in Canada.

11. ______ The minerals and energy industry is supplementary to the Australian economy.

12. ______ Captain Matthew Flinder's exploratory voyage to Australia between 1802 and 1803 brought a close to an era of European discovery.

13. ______ In 1995, about 14% of the US population lived under the poverty line.

14. ______ In 1948, Ireland voted itself out of the British Common wealth.

15. ______ Formal education in the United States consists of elementary, secondary and higher education.

III. Directions: For each of the following blanks, only one word is suitable. Write the word in the corresponding space on your answer sheet. (25%)

1. The England Civil War not only overthrew _____ in England, but also undermined the feudal rule in Europe.

2. Two of the most important literary writers of the late 17th Century England were _____ and _____. Both were Puritans.

3. During the WW II, the leaders of the United States, the Soviet Union and Britain met at ______, _______ and _______ conferences.

4. The American War of Independence show that a ______ nation can defeat a _______ one.

5. Canada's early economic development was founded on a number of resource – based ______: fishing, forestry, _______ and mining.

6. Britain is a welfare state which is funded out of ______ and ______.

7. The government education departments _____ education policies and are also responsible for the ________ and training of teachers.

8. The South's lending industries are those that make use of the _______ supply of natural resources and _____ materials.

9. The Senate serves a term of _____ years, and every two years, _______ of the Senators stands for re – election.

10. Fianna Fail continues to demand that the British be withdrawn from ______ but it opposes the use of violence to achieve this goal.

11. Australia's two territories are Australian Capital Territory and ________.

12. Australia's rural children can learn their lessons through a radio educational system called _____.

13. According to the Treaty of Waitangi, if Maori owners wanted to sell _______, only the Crown had the right to ______.

14. Mrs. Thatcher's government used both _____ and _______ policies to improve the efficiency of the British economy in the 1980's.

15. In 1885 ________ was completed and the country was linked from coast to coast.

16. Ireland is a ______ republic and a unitary state under the 1937 Constitution.

17. The highest peak of Britain is ______. It is about ________ meters high, located in the Highlands of Scotland.

18. ________ is the largest and most populous of the three political pisions on the island of Great Britain.

19. In the 1770s _______ visited New Zealand and claimed it for England.

20. The New York Stock Market crash of 1929 marked the beginning of ________.

21. By 1918 car _______ had reached 2.5 million, which showed the United States was on the way to becoming a nation on ______.

22. The Paris Conference ending the First World War was dominated by the Big Four: the United States, _______, France, and _______.

23. Many of Canada's earliest settlements were founded by fur traders and _______.

24. Besides the Great Lakes, Canada is also endowed with three "inland seas", known as _______, Lake Winnipeg and ________.

25. In the UK, the party which wins the second largest number of seats in the House becomes _______, with is one leader, and forms a ________.

26. The Governor – General of a Commonwealth state is appointed by the Queen on the advice of ______ of the country concerned and completely independent of the British Government.

27. In 1453 England was at last defeated in the ______ Years War. At that time power in England was in the hands of a number of rich and ______ nobles.

28. During the First Civil War of the England Bourgeois Revolution, those who stood on the side of the king were called ________ and those who supported the Parliament were called ______ because of their short haircuts.

29. The legislative body in the province of Quebec is called the "National Assembly" while in Newfoundland it is called ________.

30. Canadian law has its source in ______ and judicial _____, and also in British "common law".

31. During World War II, Australian women took over the _______ left vacant by men who were engaged in the _______ effort.

IV. Directions: Explain the following terms in English. Write your answer in the corresponding space on your answer sheet. (15%)

1. Thatcherism

2. persity of American education

3. the Canadian Shield

4. Australia's service industries

5. the New Deal

V. Directions: Give a brief answer to each of the following questions. Write your answer in the corresponding space on your answer sheet. (12%)

1. Look at a physical map of the United States and find out and name the main monition ranges, rivers and lakes in the United States.

2. How many constituencies are there in Britain today?

How many members are there in the House of Commons?

3. What were the effects of European settlement on the Aborigines?

4. Sinn Fein

VI. Directions: Write between 100 ~ 150 words on the following topic in the corresponding space on your answer sheet. (8%)

1. Tell briefly the history of the two – party system in the United States. What are the characteristics of the two major parties in the United States today?

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